By Nathalie Bonney @nathaliebonney

BORN without arms and legs, Tiyo Satrio, from Penawangan village, West Java, Indonesia, could be forgiven for having little to smile about

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Videographer / director: Jefri Tarigan
Producer: Nathalie Bonney, Ellie Winstanley
Editor: Ian Phillips

Tiyo's mum Mimi looks after him full time

But instead the 11-year-old’s upbeat nature and infectious laugh make him a class favourite with fellow pupils and teachers alike.

Throughout her pregnancy, Tiyo’s mum Mimi was unaware of her son’s condition.

A pro at Playstation, Tiyo uses his chin to master the touchpad

And even after he was born, she wasn’t told straight away that her newborn child had no arms or legs.

Mimi said: “The midwife said everything was normal. She said, he’s good, normal, healthy.

“I gave birth in the middle of the night and was told the next afternoon.”

Tiyo can write as well as his classmates by holding a pen in his mouth

Although shocked on first learning the news, Mimi quickly adjusted to her son’s condition – and it’s this acceptance that has contributed to Tiyo’s outgoing personality.

“I was surprised. I thought he would be normal like my other children then I have the youngest in that condition,” she said.

Maths and religious studies are Tiyo's best subjects

“Now I feel fine, just normal about it and accepting.”

Along with husband Wawan, Mimi says looking after Tiyo is a full-time job. The couple have four other adult children who live across Indonesia and therefore aren’t able to help with the daily care needs.

Tiyo is able to do some things himself, but his lack of mobility means Wawan and Mimi still need to help him do everything from getting washed and dressed to feeding - although Tiyo has learnt how to unwrap sweet wrappers with his mouth.

Teachers at SLB Firdaus carry Tiyo into class

The family used to receive state funding for Tiyo but claim they no longer receive financial support.

Mimi said: “It’s been a year that we get nothing.”

Wawan added: “Taking care of Tiyo everyday, we can’t go anywhere. If we work we can’t take care of Tiyo.”

Tiyo’s school SLB Firdaus has at least taken away some of the daily burden.

SLB Firdaus is a small special needs school with just 24 pupils

Every morning Tiyo is picked up by motorbike and taken to the small special needs school, where he excels at maths and religious studies.

Holding a pen in his mouth, Tiyo is able to write and keep up with fellow classmates.

Principal of the school, Budiwati, said: “Tiyo’s IQ is good. Now he is second grade and he can do fourth grade mathematics problems, such as multiplication and division.”

It wasn’t always like this however, with Tiyo initially struggling with insecurity issues.

Fellow students and teachers push Tiyo in a wheelchair

Budiwati said: “He spent some days at school but then stopped because of his physical disabilities and his low self-confidence.”

Now a regular attendee, Tiyo relies on the other teachers and his classmates to carry him or push him in his wheelchair. The school currently teaches just 24 students.

Tiyo and classmate enjoy a break from studies

Tiyo also proves himself to be more than a match for his friends when playing on his games console. The Playstation addict plays every spare moment he can, using his chin to operate the control pad.

At his happiest: Tiyo plays on his Playstation every day

Mimi said: “After taking a bath he plays PS until the teacher picks him up. After school he plays again. Every day he plays PS.”